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FEDAS Key Query Search
Questions and Answers
Size Range Concept
Online Query Search
Terms and Conditions
FEDAS CONCEPT OF THE PRODUCT CLASSIFICATION KEY
Why a unique Product Classification Key for the entire industry?
The various companies of our industry are working more and more with different IT supported merchandise handling systems.
In order to use these electronic systems in an optimal way they are already today linked in network and electronic communication will surely become even more important in the years to come. Electronically communication is not only a subject within the individual companies and business groups, but also within entire industries as well as with enterprises outside of the industry.
Setting up a network of IT (Information Technology) systems only makes sense if the data required within the industry are gathered once at one source and then transmitted between the IT systems directly or with a minimum amount of manually processing (EDI = Electronic Data Interchange). For example, in order to transmit article data it is important that one can depend on industry standards. In this way, additional internal processing to translate external data into internal formats (manually or with conversion tables) can be avoided.
One example of this is the Product Classification Key. If this key is not uniform and definite it must always be translated manually into the internal Product Classification Key of each company before the data can be included into the internal IT systems. This is often done with the help of a conversion table.
So far each producer, supplier, etc. has his own Product Classification Key. Therefore this job has to be repeated frequently.
A uniform and unique Product Classification Key makes these jobs unnecessary. Therefore it was the goal of FEDAS to develop a uniform and unique Product Classification Key for the sports retail industry.
An additional advantage of a uniform Product Classification Key is the information contained in the key. If desired, it permits to make a unique and comparable analysis of the turnover of the various countries, regions, groups, etc.
Based on the experience made by the user during a first period, the key has been updated and optimised accordingly and a new Version 2.0 was launched in October 2002.
In order to transmit article and order data between two IT systems one needs a unique article numbering (SKU's) concept. The EAN-13 is generally accepted worldwide. Even bigger companies of the sports industries already use this numbering system. Therefore this numbering system, which is implemented worldwide, should clearly be used by the entire sports industry.
The EAN is an Identification Key for articles on the so called SKU level (Stock Keeping Unit) which means that an article is a variation of a model in a certain size and color (color combination), also known as consumer unit.
The EAN concept is a numbering system with the following advantages:
(worldwide no other article with the same article number)
c) branch overlapping
e) Bar Coding
With a standardisation of the Product Classification Key and the Article Numbering System a big step has be taken towards the implementation of data transmission between the IT systems. This leads to a more optimal use of the IT investments.
Standardising of additional codes, as for example size ranges (shoes, clothes, etc.) would be a further step within the optimising process.
In this context the Product Classification Key and the Article Numbering have to be treated with priority.
© FSO (FEDAS Standardisation Organisation)
Further information concerning the FEDAS Product Classification Key can be found on the FEDAS Web Page (fedas.com). The Web functionality also give you the possibility to download the key in various format.
Copying the FEDAS Product Classification Key is not allowed.
FSO office: Laupenstrasse 5a, P.O. Box 5226, CH-3001 Bern,
Phone: +41-31-3819361 / Fax: +41-31- 382 02 42.
Internet: www.fedas.com /
The Administration of the Key
FSO is in charge of the administration of the key. Should there be the need of opening new groups, FSO has to be informed. FSO will then decide if this need is justified and then this request will be integrated in the existing system.
An international task force represented by various companies of our industry (manufacturer and retailer) is meeting regularly to discuss the requests and updates.
PRODUCT CLASSIFICATION KEY (PCK)
The objective of FSO was to define a Product Classification Key (PCK) with a logical structure. This is the reason why the new Product Classification Key (PCK) was defined with a structure showing the activity code, the product type as well as the main and sub product groups.
The FEDAS product classification key is a numerical six-digit code with the following structure:
1 Product type (Hardware, Footwear, Textiles)
2 - 3 Activity code (type of sports)
4 - 5 Product Maingroup of the activity
6 Product Subgroup
So far the structure of the product classification key (chart 2) allows an evaluation according to the product types Hardware, Textile and Footwear as well as according to activities, which is identical to the structure of a sports shop. The further structuring of product maingroups and product subgroups allows the detailed evaluation of an optimal processing system.
In this paragraph you will find an example for Hardware, Textile and Footwear showing how these products are coded.
Product type (PT)
The first digit of the product classification key is reserved for the product type.
This part of the code enables the grouping as well as the interpretation of the ranges "Textile", "Hardware" and "Footwear". As a maximum of 10 product types (0 - 9) is planned in this range, we therefore still have 6 product types free for additional allocation.
The free codes/digits are planned for other ranges as follows:
a) Kat. 5 = Services (Service work & rental service)
Only used by the commerce. Proposal of structure within the
Product Main Groups and Product Subgroups are available on the Internet.
b) Kat. 9 = Product types, which are not key activities of sports shops,
but are sold by some INTERSPORT shops (i.e. travelling arrangements,
movies/photo articles, toys, tools, etc.).
Activity code (AC)
As mentioned in the beginning, the product classification key has to be structured according to the activities. The second and third digits are reserved for the activity field.
Since the code has been defined as a numerical field, 99 activity codes are available. The experiences have shown us, that these codes cover the need at the moment, but do not leave a big reserve for additional codes.
Many products are listed in different activity fields (type of sports). In order to get optimal management information not only for a product group of all activity fields, but also within a single activity field (type of sports), the activity code is integrated as part of the product classification key.
For products that cannot be put fix in an activity field (type of sports), that means that this product can be used for several type of sports, the activity field "Multisport" will be used.
As already mentioned, this activity code will have two digits. The individual activities are structured as follows:
Activity (group) Activity (examples)
Working concept Code-Range Name Code
Snow and Ice 01 - 14 Alpine skiing 01
Cross country skiing 02
Leisure/Fashion Winter 14
Water Sports 15 - 21 Swimming 15
Racket Sports 24 - 27 Tennis 24
Table tennis 27
Ball / Team Sports 32 - 38 Soccer 32
Field hockey 38
Track & Field Sports 45 - 56 Walking / Nordic Walk. 45
Track-and-field sports 47
Wheel Sports 60 - 62 Bike 60
Funwheel sports 62
Outdoor Activities 64 - 75 Mountaineering/Hiking 64
Leisure/Fashion Summer 75
Indoor Sports 78 - 88 Fitness / Workout 78
Various games 88
PR & Promotion activities 98
These activity groups are just working concepts and not identified by own codes. This structure opens also the possibility of evaluating only these activity groups. The list of the individual activities can be found in chapter 2.
The structure of the first 3 digits of the product classification key shown so far permits providing information and evaluation of the whole activity as well as within a product type (e.g. Hardware).
Product Maingroups (PMGr)
By a further division into product main groups and product subgroups information can be prepared which is closer to the product.
Product Maingroups (PMGr), Hardware
In Hardware, the product main groups are defined according to the individual requirements of the respective activities. Similar activities (e.g. racket sports activities: tennis, squash, badminton, ...) have been structured identically.
As for product main groups existing for several activities, the same activity code is used. This product main group was blocked for other activities, in order to guarantee a definite statistical evaluation.
One example is "balls" which exist in various sports activities. For balls, the product main group 88 was reserved. Therefore an evaluation of the product main group "can be obtained for "balls" of one activity, several activities or all activities.
So far, the following product main groups have been defined for Hardware (i.e. the code for the product group has been reserved).
70 = Carving skis
71 = Skis systems
72 = Special skis
73 = Alpine skiing poles
74 = Alpine skiing bindings
75 = Touring-/Telemark-binding.acc.
79 = Fan articles
... = Vacant
83 = Leisure bags
84 = Sacs / Small bags
85 = Golfbags / Bike bags
86 = Bottles
87 = Mats / Matresses
88 = Balls (Pucks)
89 = Bags
90 = Backpacks
91 = Ski covers + binding covers
92 = Helmets / Face protection
93 = Protectors
94 = Eye protectors
95 = Watches / Measure / Search-devices
96 = Tools, Care, Repair items
97 = Literature, videos, films
98 = Shoes accessories
99 = Various items/Accessories ---> Code 99 is also used in the
respective product type
Product Maingroups (PMGr), Textile
The structure of the product maingroup Textile was structured according to the human body. Therefore, the Textile products (product maingroups) are defined from the head (headgear) to the feet (stockings), as well as from the "innerwear" (underwear) to the outerwear.
The following list shows the fix product main groups of the product type "Textile":
maingroup number maingroup description
01 – 59 Standard Clothing/Textile
01 Caps / Hats / Peak caps
02 Headbands / sun screens
03 Scarves / Shawls
05 Sports bra
08 Panty hose
09 Underwear / Set
10 Bodies (Underwear)
11 Bustier / Tops
12 T-Shirts / Tanks
20 Turtlenecks with zip
21 Turtlenecks without zip
28 Under jackets (cardigan) jackets
29 Hooded sweatshirts
31 Overalls / Bodies
32 Leisure suits
33 Track suits
34 Jackets / Blazers
35 3:1 jackets
37 Jackets / Anoraks
38 Multi function jackets
40 Waistcoats (vests)
43 Track pants long
44 Jet-/ Racing pants
45 Stretch pants
46 Bib/Strap pants
47 Pants long
48 Pants 3/4 to 7/8
52 Hot Pants / Briefs
59 Socks / Stockings / Stirrups
60 – 69 Bathingcloths
60 Bathing- / Showering caps
62 Bikini top
63 Bikini pants
65 Swimsuits supported
68 Swimming trunks
69 Swimming suits
70 – 79 Replica
71 Fan-T-Shirts / Polos
73 Fan-Sweat / Top part
74 Fan-Jackets / Waistcoats
78 Fan-various textiles
80 – 88 Rainclothing
80 Rain jackets
81 Rain pants
82 Rain ponchos
83 Rain coats
84 Rain overalls
85 Rain combinations
88 Rain hats
90 – 98 Team and Referee clothing
90 Tricots / Team tricots
91 Team pants
92 Goalkeeper tricots
93 Goalkeeper pants
94 Referee clothing
95 Tricots garniture
96 Socks / Stockings / Stirrups
97 Marking vests
98 Various Team clothing
Product maingroups (PMGr), Footwear
For the product type Footwear the product maingroups have been structured according to the individual requirements.
Product Subgroups (PSGr)
Product Subgroups (PSGr), Hardware
The product subgroups of the product type Hardware have been structured for each product maingroup according to the individual requirements of each group. Wherever possible care was taken to identically define the product subgroups of similarly structured maingroups, which appear in several activity groups.
Product Subgroups (PSGr), Textile
The product subgroups in the product type Textile are divided to Unisex/Men, Ladies and Children. For some main product groups, the sub-groups have been further divided according to "short or long" Textile units or other characteristics/features of the main group.
The following list shows an example:
a) General structure of the Product Subgroups (PSGr.)
Example: Textile, Leisure / Fashion Winter, Gloves (2.14.04.1 - 6)
Code Product Maingroup Product Subgroup
14 Leisure / Fashion Winter
1 Gloves Men/
2 Gloves Lad
3 Gloves Chi
4 Mittens Men/Uni
5 Mittens Lad
6 Mittens Chi
b) General structure of the Product Subgroup (PSGr.) for Upper parts and Overalls
2.00.12.1-9 Textil / Multisport /
1 - 3 sleeveless 1 sleeveless Men/Uni
2 sleeveless Lad
3 sleeveless Chi
4 - 6 short sleeve 4 short sleeve Men/Uni
5 short sleeve Lad
6 short sleeve Chi
7 - 9 long sleeve 7 long sleeve Men/Uni
8 long sleeve Lad
9 long sleeve Chi
c) General structure of the Product Subgroup (PSGr.) for Under parts (as far as not already subdivided in Product Maingroups)
2.00.46.1-9 Textil / Multisport /
Bib / Strap pants
1 - 3 short 1 short Men/Uni
2 short Lad
3 short Chi
4 - 6 knee-length 4 knee-length Men/Uni
5 knee-length Lad
6 knee-length Chi
7 - 9 long 7 long Men/Uni
8 long Lad
9 long Chi
Product Subgroups (PSGr), Footwear
The product subgroups of this product type are, with a few exceptions, structured according to Unisex/Men, Ladies and Children. The following description gives an example of this structure:
Example: Footwear, Multisport, Indoor shoes (3.00.07.1 - 9)
Code Product Maingroup Product Subgroup
1 Men/Uni low
2 Lad low
3 Chi low
4 Men/Uni mid
5 Lad mid
6 Chi mid
7 Men/Uni high
8 Lad high
9 Chi high